The Fascinating History of the Rubik’s Cube

Erno Rubik was an architecture professor who created a puzzle as an educational tool to help his students grasp three-dimensional movement. Little did he anticipate its enormous popularity.

Drew Brads of Xenia made national history when he won the National Rubix Cube Competition.

Erno Rubik was an architecture professor who created a puzzle as an educational tool to help his students grasp three-dimensional movement. Little did he anticipate its enormous popularity.


Erno Rubik was a Hungarian sculptor and architecture professor who created one of the world’s most beloved puzzles: Rubik Squared. His goal was to develop an educational toy to help his students comprehend three-dimensional movement.

Rubik first created his prototype out of wood in 1974. This cube-like device featured six smaller rubix cubes on each face that could be rotated independently of each other for easy rotation. His students were delighted by this creation and encouraged him to mass produce it.

Rubik first introduced his Cube to Hungarian toy stores in 1977 and it quickly sold out of shelves. In 1980, Ideal Toy Company licensed it and rebranded it Rubik’s Cube after him in his honor – this global phenomenon quickly becoming one. Rubik was immensely proud of his invention but also recognized its limitations; to solve it successfully he believed in “divide and conquer”, whereby colors had to match accurately on each side. Also understood that random twists on its corners would not restore it back into its original configuration.


Rubik created his original cube design in 1974 using moveable squares on each side, only to discover after one month’s work that he could solve it by arranging its parts in various combinations – this led him to realize he had created an educational tool to teach permutations and combination.

Rubik used his Cube invention to teach both children and adults how to break down complex problems into easier segments. He encouraged his pupils to find different approaches when confronted with problems related to its solving – an invaluable lesson for anyone tackling its challenge!

The Rubik’s cube consists of six sides, each bearing nine squares arranged in a three-by-three grid pattern and bearing different colors on them. Letters f b u d l r indicate faces of the cube; lowercase letters identify movable centers on each face labeled as such (f b u d l). A cube in its solved state should have all its faces lined up, while one in an incorrect state will display misalignments between colors across its faces – when all 12 faces should line up perfectly against their respective colors on all faces (f b u d lr).


Rubik revolutionized three-dimensional movement in class with his Cube invention, and its compact structure, clever design, and low cost made it a sensational success. Speed cubing soon emerged as a competitive sport among teenagers filling arenas to see who could complete the puzzle fastest; its popularity also inspired numerous art and film works.

Rubik was key in developing the Cube’s success thanks to his realization that 27 tiny cubies, known collectively as cubies, can be moved freely around a rounded core as long as their colors match perfectly. He utilized Pantone colors as cubie markers; printed onto sheets of polypropylene and cut down using laser cutting technology.

A curved track molded into the core holds center cubes, while each of its corners contains a tab that fits into a groove on the other cubies’ backs – this keeps them fixed while also permitting sliding and rotation with other cubies. An optional notation, Wolstenholme notation, uses letters for each face to indicate clockwise and anticlockwise turns and double (180-degree) turns.


Rubik knew his wooden prototype had something special when others attempted to solve it and were visibly impressed. After reaching an agreement with Hungarian toy maker Politechnika to mass produce it, but even that wasn’t without challenges!

Once the cube became widely available, people quickly developed ways to solve it in fewer moves. A highly popular strategy developed by 16-year-old Jessica Fridrich known as CFOP (cross, first two layers, orientation and permutation) requires learning 120 algorithms but typically can be solved with 55 moves on average.

Other challenges involved figuring out ways to make the cube quieter and easier to move without losing speed, as well as devising a system for calculating times and tracking records. Tyson and Ron ultimately founded the World Cube Association as an umbrella body to organize competitions and set standards; over time it grew and recruited Delegates to oversee events, track records and ensure fairness and consistency within sport.


Hungarian architecture professor Erno Rubik designed the cube in 1974 as an instructional aid for his geometry students, using all six central pieces displaying one color face as teaching tools in each direction of the cube to demonstrate how groups of related items could transform into other symmetries by twisting.

At present, there are over 43 billion possible combinations for Rubik’s Cube; In my experience, only one solution exists. To successfully solve it requires learning a sequence of algorithms which can be applied successively on each layer of its complex structure.

Speed with which an individual solves a cube depends upon both their algorithm of choice and how often moves are made during each step of the process. Many algorithms have side effects that impact other parts of the cube that must be considered when solving it – increasing complexity further and creating difficulty for some individuals who struggle with solving this puzzle.

Steven Barron

Steven Barron

Steven Barron is an expert in many fields like tech, education, travel, finance, games, cars, and sports. He started his career in the tech industry, where he learned a lot and got good at spotting tech trends. Steven then moved into writing. He loves technology and is great at telling stories. His articles cover topics like new gadgets, education, and finance. They are full of detail but easy to read. Steven loves to travel and is a big sports fan. This shows in his travel and sports writing, where he draws in readers with clear descriptions and smart insights.

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